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ISTQB Foundation Question and Answer No.10

May 11 2019 , Written by Harry Published on #TESTER

ISTQB Foundation Question and Answer No.10

Question

1. Which of the following is a major task of test planning?

A Determining the test approach.

B Preparing test specifications.

C Evaluating exit criteria and reporting.

D Measuring and analyzing results.

2. Which of the following statements is MOST OFTEN true?

A Source-code inspections are often used in component testing.

B Component testing searches for defects in programs that are separately testable.

C Component testing is an important part of user acceptance testing.

D Component testing aims to expose problems in the interactions between software and hardware components.

3. In a system designed to work out the tax to be paid:

An employee has £4000 of salary tax-free. The next £1500 is taxed at 10%. The next £28000 after that is taxed at 22%. Any further amount is taxed at 40%. To the nearest whole pound, which of these groups of numbers fall into three DIFFERENT equivalence classes?

A £4000; £5000; £5500.

B £32001; £34000; £36500.

C £28000; £28001; £32001.

D £4000; £4200; £5600.

4. Which of the following will NOT be detected by static analysis?

A Parameter type mismatches.

B Errors in requirements.

C Undeclared variables.

D Uncalled functions.

5. Which of the following test activities can be automated?

i Reviews and inspections.

ii Metrics gathering.

iii Test planning.

iv Test execution.

v Data generation.

A i, iii, iv.

B i, ii, iii.

C ii, iv, v.

D ii, iii, v.

6. Which of the following is an objective of a pilot project for the introduction of a testing tool?

A Evaluate testers’ competence to use the tool.

B Complete the testing of a key project.

C Assess whether the benefits will be achieved at reasonable cost.

D Discover what the requirements for the tool are.

7. What is the MAIN purpose of a Master Test Plan?

A To communicate how incidents will be managed.

B To communicate how testing will be performed.

C To produce a test schedule.

D To produce a work breakdown structure.

8. In a REACTIVE approach to testing when would you expect the bulk of the test design work to be begun?

A After the software or system has been produced.

B During development.

C As early as possible.

D During requirements analysis.

9. What is the objective of debugging?

 i To localise a defect.

ii To fix a defect.

iii To show value.

iv To increase the range of testing.

A i, iii.

B ii, iii, iv.

C ii, iv.

D i, ii.

10. Given the following decision table

Rule 1           Rule 2           Rule 3           Rule 4

Conditions

UK resident?               False            True              True              True

Age between 18 - 55?    Don’t care False            True              True

Smoker?              Don’t care     Don’t care     False            True

Actions Ensure client? False            False            True              True

Offer 10% discount?   False            False            True              False

What is the expected result for each of the following test cases?

A.TC1: Fred is a 32-year-old smoker resident in London

B.TC3: Jean-Michel is a 65-year non-smoker resident in Paris

A A – Ensure, 10% discount, B – Ensure, no discount.

B A – Don’t insure, B – Don’t insure.

C A – Insure, no discount, B – Don’t insure.

D A – Ensure, no discount, B – Ensure with 10% discount.

11. Which of the following are valid objectives for testing?

i.To find defects.

ii.To gain confidence in the level of quality.

iii.To identify the cause of defects.

iv.To prevent defects.

A i,ii, and iii.

B ii, iii and iv.

C i, ii and iv.

D i,iii and iv.

12.The process of designing test cases consists of the following activities:

i. Elaborate and describe test cases in detail by using test design techniques.

ii. Specify the order of test case execution.

iii. Analyze requirements and specifications to determine test conditions.

iv. Specify the expected results.

According to the process of identifying and designing tests, what is the correct order of these activities?

A iii, i, iv, ii.

B iii, iv, i, ii.

C iii, ii, i, iv.

D ii, iii, i, iv.

13. What is the main purpose of impact analysis for testers?

A To determine the programming effort needed to make the changes.

B To determine what proportion of the changes need to be tested.

C To determine how much the planned changes will affect users.

D To determine how the existing system may be affected by changes.

14. Which of the following requirements would be tested by a functional system test?

A The system must be able to perform its functions for an average of 23 hours 50 mins per day.

B The system must perform adequately for up to 30 users.

C The system must allow a user to amend the address of a customer.

D The system must allow 12,000 new customers per year.

15.In a system designed to work out the tax to be paid:

An employee has £4000 of salary tax-free. The next £1500 is taxed at 10%. The next £28000 after that is taxed at 22%. Any further amount is taxed at 40%. To the nearest whole pound, which of these is a valid Boundary Value Analysis test case?

A £28000.

B £33501.

C £32001.

D £1500.

16. Which of the following defines the sequence in which tests should be executed?

A Test plan.

B Test procedure specification.

C Test case specification.

D Test design specification.

17. Given the following state transition

Which of the following series of state transitions below will provide 0-switch coverage?

A A, B, E, B, C, F, D.

B A, B, E, B, C, F, F.

C A, B, E, B, C, D.

D A, B, C, F, F, D.

18. Given the following decision table

Rule 1           Rule 2           Rule 3           Rule 4

Conditions

Frequent Flyer Member     Yes               Yes               No         No

Class                          Business       Economy      Business        Economy

Actions

Offer upgrade to First         Yes               No         No         No

Offer upgrade to Business N/A        Yes               N/A        No

What is the expected result for each of the following test cases?

A. Frequent flyer member, travelling in Business class

B. Non-member, travelling in Economy class

A A – Don’t offer any upgrade, B – Don’t offer any upgrade.

B A – Don’t offer any upgrade, B – Offer upgrade to Business class.

C A – Offer upgrade to First, B – Don’t offer any upgrade.

D A – Offer upgrade to First, B – Offer upgrade to Business class.

19. During which fundamental test process activity do we determine if MORE tests are needed?

A Test implementation and execution.

B Evaluating test exit criteria.

C Test analysis and design.

D Test planning and control.

20. What is the difference between a project risk and a product risk?

A Project risks are potential failure areas in the software or system; product risks are risks that surround the project’s capability to deliver its objectives.

B Project risks are the risks that surround the project’s capability to deliver its objectives; product risks are potential failure areas in the software or system.

C Project risks are typically related to supplier issues, organizational factors and technical issues; product risks are typically related to skill and staff shortages.

D Project risks are risks that delivered software will not work; product risks are typically related to supplier issues, organizational factors and technical issues.

Answer

1. A 2. B 3. D 4. B 5. C 6. C 7. B 8. A 9. D 10. C

11. C 12. A 13. D 14. C 15. B 16. B 17. A 18. C 19. B 20. B

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