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ISTQB Foundation Question and Answer No.1

May 11 2019 , Written by Harry Published on #TESTER

ISTQB Foundation Question and Answer No.1


1. Deciding How much testing is enough should take into account :

i. Level of Risk including Technical and Business product and project risk

ii. Project constraints such as time and budget

iii. Size of Testing Team

iv. Size of the Development Team

a) i,ii,iii are true and iv is false

b) i,,iv are true and ii is false

c) i,ii are true and iii,iv are false

d) ii,iii,iv are true and i is false

2. Test planning has which of the following major tasks?

i. Determining the scope and risks, and identifying the objectives of testing.

ii. Determining the test approach (techniques, test items, coverage, identifying and interfacing the teams involved in testing, testware)

iii. Reviewing the Test Basis (such as requirements, architecture, design, interface)

iv. Determining the exit criteria.

a) i,ii,iv are true and iii is false

b) i,,iv are true and ii is false

c) i,ii are true and iii,iv are false

d) ii,iii,iv are true and i is false

3. Evaluating testability of the requirements and system are a part of which phase:

a) Test Analysis and Design

b) Test Planning and control

c) Test Implementation and execution

d) Evaluating exit criteria and reporting

4. One of the fields on a form contains a text box which accepts alphabets in lower or upper case. Identify the invalid Equivalence class value.


b. cLASS

c. CLass

d. CLa01ss

5. In a system designed to work out the tax to be paid: An employee has £4000 of salary tax-free. The next £1500 is taxed at 10% The next £28000 is taxed at 22% Any further amount is taxed at 40% Which of these groups of numbers would fall into the same equivalence class?

a) £4800; £14000; £28000

b) £5200; £5500; £28000

c) £28001; £32000; £35000

d) £5800; £28000; £32000

6. Which of the following has the highest level of independence in which test cases are :

a) Designed by persons who write the software under test

b) Designed by a person from a different section

c) Designed by a person from a different organization

d) Designed by another person


7. We use the output of the requirement analysis, the requirement specification as the input for writing :

a) User Acceptance Test Cases

b) Integration Level Test Cases

c) Unit Level Test Cases

d) Program specifications

8. Validation involves which of the following

i. Helps to check the Quality of the Built Product

ii. Helps to check that we have built the right product.

iii. Helps in developing the product

iv. Monitoring tool wastage and obsoleteness.

a) Options i,ii,iii,iv are true.

b) ii is true and i,iii,iv are false

c) i,ii,iii are true and iv is false

d) iii is true and i,ii,iv are false.


9. Which of the following uses Impact Analysis most?

a) Component testing

b) Non-functional system testing

c) User acceptance testing

d) Maintenance testing

10. What is the expected result for each of the following test cases?


Rule 1

Rule 2

Rule 3

Rule 4






Citibank Card Member





Type of Room










Offer upgrade to Gold Luxury





Offer upgrade to Silver






A. Citibank card member, holding a Silver room

B. Non-Citibank-member, holding a Platinum room

a) A – Don’t offer any upgrade, B – Don’t offer any upgrade.

b) A – Don’t offer any upgrade, B – Offer upgrade to Gold.

c) A – Offer upgrade to Silver, B – Offer upgrade to Silver.

d) A – Offer upgrade to Gold, B – Don’t offer any upgrade.

11. Repeated Testing of an already tested program, after modification, to discover any defects introduced or uncovered as a result of the changes in the software being tested or in another related or unrelated software component:

a) Re-Testing .

b) Confirmation Testing

c) Regression Testing

d) Negative Testing

12. Impact Analysis helps to decide :

a) How much regression testing should be done.

b) Exit Criteria

c) How many more test cases need to writen.

d) Different Tools to perform Regression Testing

13. Functional system testing is:

a) testing that the system functions with other systems

b) testing that the components that comprise the system function together

c) testing the end to end functionality of the system as a whole

d) testing the system performs functions within specified response times


14. Consider the above state transition diagram of a switch. Which of the following represents an invalid state transition?

a) OFF to ON

b) ON to OFF

c) FAULT to ON

15. Peer Reviews are also called as :

a) Inspection

b) Walkthrough

c) Technical Review

d) Formal Review

16. Consider the following statements:

i. 100% statement coverage guarantees 100% branch coverage.

ii. 100% branch coverage guarantees 100% statement coverage.

iii. 100% branch coverage guarantees 100% decision coverage.

iv. 100% decision coverage guarantees 100% branch coverage.

v. 100% statement coverage guarantees 100% decision coverage.

a) ii is True; i, iii, iv & v are False

b) i & v are True; ii, iii & iv are False

c) ii & iii are True; i, iv & v are False

d) ii, iii & iv are True; i & v are False

17. The Kick Off phase of a formal review includes the following :

a) Explaining the objective

b) Fixing defects found typically done by author

c) Follow up

d) Individual Meeting preparations

18. Match every stage of the software Development Life cycle with the Testing Life cycle:

i. Hi-level design

a Unit tests

ii. Code

b Acceptance tests

iii. Low-level design

c System tests

iv. Business requirements

d Integration tests


a) i-d , ii-a , iii-c , iv-b

b) i-c , ii-d , iii-a , iv-b

c) i-b , ii-a , iii-d , iv-c

d) i-c , ii-a , iii-d , iv-b

19. Which of the following is not phase of the Fundamental Test Process?

a) Test Planning and Control

b) Test implementation and Execution

c) Requirement Analysis

d) Evaluating Exit criteria and reporting

20. Which of the following techniques is NOT a black box technique?

a) State transition testing

b) LCSAJ (Linear Code Sequence and Jump)

c) syntax testing

d) boundary value analysis



1 c 2 a 3 a 4 d 5 d 6 c 7 a 8 b 9 d 10 d

11 c 12 a 13 c 14 c 15 c 16 d 17 a 18 d 19 c 20 b

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